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The State of Art
 Sculpture & 3D

 Sally Hewett  Billie Bond  Sculpture & 3D is a branch of the visual arts that operates in three dimensions; it
 Ilua Hauck da Silva  Seamus Moran  is one of the plastic arts. Durable sculptural processes originally used carving (the
 Hollie Mackenzie  Paul McCloskey  removal of material) and modelling (the addition of material), in stone, metal,
 Victoria Collins  Karla Hamlet  ceramics, wood and other materials, but since modernism, shifts in the sculptural
 Dorcas Casey  Louise Seijen Ten Hoorn  process have led to an almost complete freedom of materials and process.
 Marianne Broch  Mercedes Ferrari
 Tony Murray  Heidi Kreitchet  The earliest known human artefacts recognisable as what we would call sculpture
 Satomi Sugimoto  Ann Goddard  date from the period known as the Upper Paleolithic, which is roughly from 40,000
 Simon Raab  Eric Troffkin  to 10,000 years ago. These objects are small female fi gures with bulbous breasts
                         and buttocks carved from stone or ivory, and are assumed to be fertility fi gures.
 Tom Blatt  Siobhan Connor
 Lourenço de Castro  Lauren Kelly  The most famous of them is known as the Venus of Willendorf (the place in Austria
 Aris Katsilakis  Mette Fruergaard-Jensen  where it was found in 1908).
 Rachel Olin  Mark Connolly & Diego Zamora
 Shaun Hall  Emma Caton  Sculpture fl ourished in ancient Egypt from about 5,000 years ago and in ancient
                         Greece from some 2,000 years later. In Greece it reached what is considered to
 Angela Speight  Robert Furness
                         be a peak of perfection in the period from about 500–400 BC. At that time, as
                         well as making carved sculpture, the Greeks brought the technique of casting
                         sculpture in bronze to a high degree of sophistication. Following the fall of the
                         Roman Empire the technique of bronze casting was almost lost but, together with
 The State of Art, art book series #2 is published by Bare Hill Publishing.  carved sculpture, underwent a major revival during the Renaissance.
 © 2015 Bare Hill Publishing, All rights reserved.
 No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted, in any form or   Today’s sculptors have access to an enormous array of materials, forms, concepts
 by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior permission
 of the publishers.      and  techniques.  All of  which  when  used  can  be  presented  under  the  term
 This book is sold subject to the condition that it shall not, by way of trade or otherwise, be lent, re-sold, hired
 out or otherwise circulated without the publisher’s prior consent in any form of binding or cover other than   ‘sculpture’, which suggests that  the  discipline  is no  longer a recognisable art
 that in which it is published and without a similar conditions including this condition being imposed on the   form with fi xed boundaries and rules but instead it can expand its own terms of
 subsequent purchaser.
                         reference at will, bringing almost anything into the mix to create sculpture. And
 © 2015 Artwork and photography copyrights belong to each artist unless otherwise stated.
 ISBN 978-1-909825-13-0  with the recent exponential increase in digital technology, the development of
 Editing: Andy Laffan, Chris Hodson and Robin Laffan.
 Design: Andy Laffan.    the internet and global communications our thinking about ourselves, society and  the  space  or  environment  that we occupy  is changing  too.  Artists are  visually
 Front cover: Attitudes Passionelles by Louise Seijen ten Hoorn  aware of these changes and are refl ecting these as social and political issues in
                         the sculpture they are creating today.

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